Haliotis virginea crispata Gould, 1847
Distribution: North Island of New Zealand.
In shallow water to 15m deep, on rocky bottoms in Kelp fields. Size to 47mm.

Usually red, but green and marbled shells exist. The nacre displays other sheens than in southern virginea: blue & magenta instead of aqua & green. This subspecies of virginea is smaller, and shows a more visible spire on ventral view. 15m deep, underside of rock slab, south of Leigh Harbour, Auckland, 34mm.
From Ernest Zurrer's collection.
Variations in crispata: the strenght of the cords and of the undulating folds, the pattern.
Bay of Islands, 34mm. From Ernest Zurrer's collection.
Crispata set from Elliot Bay, Northland, North Island.
Original pictures © F. Frydman.